DASHEWSKI, PINḤAS (1879–1934), Russian Zionist activist. Dashewski came from an assimilated family in Korostyshev, Ukraine; his father was an army doctor. He joined a Zionist Socialist student circle in Kiev in 1902. After the kishinev pogrom Dashewski assaulted and wounded the chief instigator, P. Krushevan , in St. Petersburg on June 4 (17), 1903. He was sentenced to five years' hard labor but was released in 1906. The incident, trial, and Dashewski's appearance in court acted as a protest against the regime, and a call for Jewish self-defense . In 1910 Dashewski visited Ereẓ Israel. During the beilis case he took part in a delegation of Russian Jews to the U.S. Dashewski, who was a chemical engineer, worked in the Caucasus and Siberia. He remained a Zionist after the 1917 Revolution and was eventually arrested and died in prison. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Singer, Be-Reshit ha-Ẓiyyonut ha-Soẓyalistit (1957), 256–91; Biografiya… (Russ. and Yid., 1903), published by Young Israel, London; YE, S.V. (Moshe Mishkinsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • KRUSHEVAN, PAVOLAKI° — (1860–1909), Russian journalist who became notorious in connection with the kishinev pogroms of April 1903. Krushevan began to publish the newspaper Bessarabets in 1897 in Kishinev, the capital of the province of Bessarabia. Though at first… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SOCIETY FOR THE ATTAINMENT OF FULL CIVIL RIGHTS FOR THE JEWISH PEOPLE IN RUSSIA — (Rus. Soyuz dlya dostizheniya polnopraviya yevreyskogo naroda v Rossii ), a non party organization which existed from 1905 to 1907, whose aim was declared in its name. The society organized the participation of Jews in the elections of the First… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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